Facts about National Insignia of India

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  • Emblem The National Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Buddhist Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Bird The Peacock Scientific name (Pavo Cristatus) is the national bird of India .It is the symbol of beauty and Grace.
  • Animal The Tiger Scientific name (Panthera tigris) is the national animal of india.It Symbolises India’s wealth of Wildlife.
  • Flag The national Flag is a Horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesari) at the top,White at the Middle with a Blue Wheel (Chakra) with 24 sticks at the centre and dark Green at the Bottom. The ratio of the Flag is 2:3.
  • Tree The Banyan Scientific name (Ficus Bengalensis) is the national tree of India. This tree has a huge towers over its neighbours and widest Trunk .
  • Fruit The Mango Scientific name ( Mangifera indica) is the national fruit of India.This fruit has been cultivated in india since time immemorial.
  • AnthemJana-Gana-Mana this song was originally composed in bengali by Rabindranath Tagore,Hindi version of it is adopted as our national Anthem.
  • SongVande Mataram composed by Bankim chandra Chatterjee in sanskrit is our national Song.
  • Sport India has a impressive record in Hockey with 8 Olympic medals so it is considered as national sport.But according to Ministry of Home Affairs officially there is no national sport of India.
  • Flower Lotus Scientific name (Nelumbo Nucifera) is the national flower of India.
  • Calendar Our national Calendar is based on Saka Era with Chaitra as its First month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22 march 1957.

Quick Digest

  • National sentence …………………….Satyamev Jayate.
  • National Language……………………Hindi in Devanagari Script.
  • Father of nation……………………….Mahatma Gandhi.
  • National Currency ……………………Rupee designed by Dr Udaya kumar.
  • National river…………………………..Ganga.
  • National Foreign Policy ……………Non Alignment.
  • National Information letter……..White Letter.
  • National Aquatic Animal…………Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista Gangetica).
  • National Heritage Animal……...Elephant.

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