Some important facts about Indian geography

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  • India is the 7 largest country in the world with an area of 3287263 sq km,which is 2.42% of the world.
  • Russia>Canada> USA>China>Brazil>Australia>India.
  • India is the second most populous country in the world with a population of 1.21 billion (as per 2011 Census) which is 17.44% of the world.
  • India shares longest boundary with Bangladesh(4096 km) followed by China (3488 km),Pakistan (3323 km),Nepal (1751 km),Myanmar (1643 km), Bhutan (699 km) and last Afghanistan(106 km).

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/33/India_and_its_neighbours.jpgPic Credit-ciet.ncert [CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)]

  • Indian sub-continent is located in the Northern and Eastern hemisphere.
  • The tropic of Cancer (23.5° N) latitude passes through 8 states ( Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya pradesh ,Chhattisgarh , Jharkhand , West Bengal , Tripura and Mizoram).
  • There are mainly two Islands  Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and Lakshadweep Island in Arabian sea.
  • IST (Indian Standard time) the 82°30’E Longitude is taken as the Standard Time  Meridian of India as it passes through middle of India from Mirzapur near Allahabad.
  • Sun rises in Arunachal Pradesh 2 hours before in Comparison to Rann of Kutch in Gujarat.
  • At Present India has only one Time Zone. But People of North-East India are demanding for New Time Zone called Chaibagaan Time Zone.
  • IST is 5 hours and 30 Minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
  • IST passes through 5 states of India Uttar Pradesh ,Madhya Pradesh , Chhattisgarh , Orissa and Andhra pradesh. 


Some basic Information about India

  •  Latitudinal extant                             8°4’N to 37°6’N
  • Longitudinal extant                           68°7 E to 97°25’E
  • North -South extant                           3214 km
  • East-West  extant                               2933 km
  • Total coastline                                    7516.6 km
  • Number of states                                 29
  • Number of Union Territories               7
  • Land Neighbour                            7(Pakistan,Afghanistan,China,Nepal,Bhutan,Bangladesh and Myanmar)
  • States with longest coastlines              Gujarat
  • Northernmost point                            Indira col
  • Southernmost point                              Indira point or Pygmalion or Parson                                                                    Point in great Nicobar
  • Westernmost point                              Ghuar Moti(Kutch) in Gujarat
  • Easternmost point                               Kibithu in Arunachal Pradesh
  • Southernmost point on mainland        Kanyakumari

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