Chandrayaan-2 is India’s 2nd moon mission successfully launched on 22 July 2019 by GSLV- MK III-M1 ( also called Baahubali) from second launch Pad at Prof. Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on the coast of Andhra Pradesh .
Initially, It was planned to be launched on 15 July 2019 .But plan was Postponed on 22 July 2019,Due to some Technical Snag.
Chandrayaan-2 is India’s first Lander mission. It consist of Orbiter,Lander, Rover.The lander and rover are designed to work only for 14 days (1 Lunar day) but the Orbiter will work for One Year.
It has Three Important Components
The Orbiter is a 2379 kg spacecraft with 7 instruments on Board, It is equipped with different types of cameras that can take High -resolution photos,three dimensional maps of the lunar surface.It also has instruments that can study mineral composition of the Lunar surface,Moon’s atmosphere and Presence of water and its abundance.The Orbiter will be 100 Km above the lunar surface, Orbiter will send all the Data from Lander to ISRO ( Indian Space Research Organisation).
ISRO has named Lander module as Vikram ,after the name of ISRO founder Dr. Vikram Sarabhai .Lander is of 1471 kg by weight ,It will remain stationary after landing on the Lunar surface. Lander will mainly study about moon atmosphere and Seismic Activity on Lunar surface.
Rover is powered with Artificial Intelligence (AI),It is a Solar Powered Vehicle named as Pragyan ,As the lander lands on lunar surface Rover will itself get detach from Lander and Crawl on the Lunar surface and collect data such as presence of Water, Chemical composition of Lunar Surface etc.
It is going to explore the South Pole of the Moon , It’s primary aims is to Investigate
- Elemental Composition of the Lunar surface.
- Solar Radiation.
- Seismic activity on the moon.
- Study about mineralogy,Geology,and Topography ,Atmosphere,Presence of Helium-3 etc.
- Origin and Evolution of the Moon.
What is GSLV-MK III -M1 (Baahubali)
It is a 3-Stage, India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle which is developed by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), GSLV MkIII-M1 successfully launched Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft at 2:43 p.m. IST on July 22,2019.It has Liquid Booster and Cryogenic Engine .It is 43.43 m tall. It has the ability to carry heavy Payloads .
Do you know about Chandrayaan 1 ?
Chandrayaan-1, India’s first mission to Moon, was launched successfully on October 22, 2008 from SDSC (Prof. Satish Dhawan Space Centre) Sriharikota on the coast of Andhra Pradesh. It was ISRO’s first exploratory mission to the moon or to any heavenly body in the space. The spacecraft was orbiting around the Moon at a height of 100 km from the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical and photo-geologic mapping of the Moon. The spacecraft carried 11 scientific instruments built in India, USA, UK, Germany, Sweden and Bulgaria.
In this Mission ISRO also claims that it has data that showed evidence for the presence of Water on the moon.