Some Facts about the Indian Constitution

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  • The Idea of Constituent Assembly for India was put Forward for the first Time by MN Roy in year 1934.
  • The Constituent Assembly was set up in November,1946 as per the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946 ,
  • The election to the constituent Assembly was Indirect.
  • Its first meeting was held on 9th December 1946 with Sachidanand Sinha as the Interim President.
  • On 11th December 1946 Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected as the President of the Constituent Assembly.
  • Drafting Committee was appointed on 29th August ,1947 with Dr BR Ambedkar as Its Chairman.
  • Constituent Assembly took 2 years,11 months,18 days to Complete the Indian Constitution.
  • 26th November,1949 the people of India through the Constituent Assembly adopted,enacted and gave themselves the Constitution of India.
  • Originally it had 395 Articles, 22 parts, 8 schedules
  • The constitution came into full operation on 26th January ,1950.
  • The Indian Constitution is the longest Written Constitution in the World.
  • It is Partly Rigid and Partly Flexible Constitution.
  • It has Federal Government with Unitary Bias.
  • It has Independent and Integrated Judiciary System.
  • It has Universal Adult Franchise.
  • It has a Single Citizenship which means an Indian is a Citizen of India only.

Drafting Committee


  • Dr.BR Ambedkar (Chairman)
  • N Gopalaswami Ayyangar
  • Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar
  • KM Munshi
  • Mohammad Saadhullah
  • N Madhav Rau ( Replaced by BL Mitter )
  • TT Krishnamachari ( Replaced by D P Khaitan)

Quick Digest

  • Constituent Assembly adopted National flag on 22 July 1947 designed by Pingali Venkayya.
  • Constituent Assembly adopted National Anthem and National Song on 24 January 1950.
  • Constituent Assembly adopted National Emblem on 26th Jan 1950.
  • Constituent Assembly adopted National Calendar on 22 March 1957.
  • Elephant was the Symbol of the Constituent Assembly.
  • H.V.R Iyenger was the Secretary of the Constituent Assembly.
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